Fishing Trabaccolo



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Fishing Trabaccolo

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Barchetto is the popular name of the fishing Trabaccolo, also said "barchèt" in the dialect from Romagna, a boat typical from the Marche and Romagna coasts, mainly in the stretch between Pesaro and Ravenna.

The Trabaccolo da carico (cargo trabaccolo) is a robust ship typical from the Adriatic Sea, very used in the Italian coasts from Puglia to Venice, including the Dalmatian and Albanian coasts. The Barchetto is a smaller, lighter version of the cargo Trabaccolo, dapted to fishing.

Suitable for trawl fishing, the Fishing Trabaccolo is a two mast solid and elegant boat. The beautiful sails (vela al terzo (1) ), from which the smaller is placed in the prow, guarantee the balance of the boat, which has a big rudder that went much deeper than the keel.

The dimensions could vary from the small models of 12 meters up to the bigger ones measuring 18 meters. Depending to the period of the year, the boats could be also used for transport.

In the last period it was used, before being completely replaced by motor boats it became a use to equip the Barchetto with longer yards and bigger sails, making the boat faster however more dangerous.

Both the boat and the sails could be painted with bright colours and symbols that referred to the family of the fisherman. Usually at the prow, there were sketched eyes in relief.

Two Fishing trabaccolos are exhibited at the Museo della Marineria (Seamanship Museum) of Cesenatico, both from 1925.

The first is Raffaele, built in Cattolica, and it is the first piece of the collection of the museum and the flagship among the boats, due to its size and to its long life in the fishing business. It is 13.40 meters long and 3.80 meters wide; it is equipped with an engine and it is suitable for navigation. In summer, together with the Bragozzo San Nicolò, it takes part on a traditional regatta and gathering of period boats. It has a white and red hull and the sails are yellow with red symbols.

The second barchetto from the Museum was built in the shipyard of Pietro Terenzi in Cattolica. It was initially named Quattro fratelli but then re-christened Bighellone. The red and white hull measures just over 13 meters in length and 3.70 meters in width. The prow bears the traditional "occhi" (eyes) and the sails are decorated with a red moccolo (candle end), tovaglia (tablecloth) and tovaglioli (napkins) on a yellow background.


A. Cocchi

Trad.: A. Sturmer


Notes

1) A type of fore-and-aft rigged sail. These sails are set along the line of the keel rather than perpendicular to it.


Bibliography

F. Santucci, Cesenatico, da porto di Cesena a Comune Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 1995
D. Gnola, Storia di Cesenatico Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 2001
D. Gnola, Cesenatico nella storia Edizioni Il ponte vecchio Cesena, 2008
M. Marini Calvani (a cura di), Schede di Archeologia dell'Emilia-Romagna, Bologna 1995
B. Farfaneti, Cesenatico romana. Archeologia e territorio, Ravenna 2000
P. G. Pasini. Andar per Musei. Guida all'uso dei musei della Romagna meridionale. (a cura di Italia Nostra) Romagna arte e storia Quaderni
AA. VV. Guida ai musei della Provincia di Forlì-Cesena. Edizioni Prima Pagina, Cesena, 1999
M. Todeschini (a cura di) Atlante Romagnolo. Dizionario alfabetico dei 76 comuni. Poligrafici editoriale S.P.A. Bologna 1992
B. Ballerin (a cura di) Barche di ieri e di oggi in: AA.VV. Adriatico. Le stagioni del nostro mare. A cura dell'Amministrazione Provinciale di Forlì-Cesena. Stampa MDM, Forlì 1992


 

Tags:A. Cocchi, A. Sturmer, Fishing Trabaccolo, boat, tourism, fishing, .

Per saperne di più sulla città di: Cesenatico

 



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Ugo Bertotti. Fishing Trabaccolo. 1992. Jpeg illustration from the original watercolour and coloured pencil drawing.


Trabaccolo "Raffaele" in the open sea. Museo della Marineria, Cesenatico.


Trabaccolo "Bighellone". Museo della Marineria, Cesenatico.



 

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