Agip Summer Camp



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Agip Summer Camp

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The Agip Summer Camp of Cesenatico was built during the fascist regime, between 1937 and 1938, following the plan of the Bolognese architect Giuseppe Vaccaro. It is located in the eastern part of Cesenatico, between the beach and viale Carducci, the seafront street filled with hotels.
The oil company Agip is still the owner of the building and in the Thirties it was the first state company for the research and distribution of petrol. In 1937 it decided to build a summer camp for the children of the employees to spend the summer holidays. Mussolini stepped in and ordered that it be built in Romagna, and therefore Cesenatico was chosen. It was dedicated to Sandro Mussolini, nephew of the Duce.

The president of the Company, the engineer Puppini, was also the dean of the Engineering Department of the University of Bologna, and gave the job to another Bolognese, Giuseppe Vaccaro, an architect of important buildings in Bologna and in central Italy, and one of the main interpreters o the Rationalism of Le Corbusier.

The use of a summer camp for children was interrupted during the Second World War, when the building was first turned into a military hospital, then occupied by the retreating troops, and finally by the advancing ones.

Only with the end of the war, after some repair works, it returned to being a place for civil use, as a summer camp for youngsters. In 1950 the survivors of the Polesine flood were lodged there. Currently, Agip is the summer site for E.N.I. employees.

The main body of the building is where the dormitories are and it is made by parallel bars displayed in five floors, while the offices and staff accommodation are placed on one end of the building, arranged in a perpendicular shape.

In the centre of the sea side façade, a one floor glass building is attached, housing the kitchen and the dining hall. The central body of the building, raised on pillars, creates a huge gallery, opened on both sides to allow maximum ventilation. The ground floor is an ample open space where (in case of bad weather) several activities can be done.  The west side façade (facing the countryside) is distinguished by "strip windows" protected by brise-soleil, while the smaller sides have no windows.


According to the Rationalist style, several huge glass surfaces were conceived in order to guarantee great sea and countryside views, the maximum ventilation and light, at the same time controlling too intense sunlight.

L. Gentili, E. Racchini, edited by A. Cocchi.

Trad.: A. Sturmer


Bibliography

M. Casciato, P. Orlandi, Quale e Quanta, Edizioni CLUEB, Bologna 2005
G. Riguzzi, Giuseppe Vaccaro e la Colonia AGIP di Cesenatico, in ROTARY INTERNATIONAL CERVIA – CESENATICO n. Estratto da n. 322 – BOLLETTINO MENSILE, Aprile 2000

 

 

Tags:L. Gentili, E. Racchini, A. Cocchi, A. Sturmer, summer camp, Giuseppe Vaccaro, architecture, .

Stile:Novecento.

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Giuseppe Vaccaro. Summer Camp Agip. 1937-38. Entrance view. Cesenatico


Giuseppe Vaccaro. Summer Camp Agip. 1937-38. General view. Cesenatico


Giuseppe Vaccaro. Summer Camp Agip. 1937-38. Corner view. Cesenatico

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