Battana (flat bottom wood boat)



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Battana (flat bottom wood boat)

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Characterized by a sole mast that can be lowered, where the vela a terzo (1) and a bowknot were hoisted, the small Battana was the most versatile boat of the coasts of Romagna, Veneto and Marche regions as well as on the coast of Istria.

Due to their small dimensions (between four and nine metres), the Battanas could easily find shelter in case of a storm, even on the beach or in shallow canals. They were used for different reasons and if made for fishing they could be compared to the launches. Very easy to build, they were also the less expensive, since they were build with straight wood boards. They had a flat bottom, but because they had a big helm they guaranteed good navigation. The name Battana, which comes from "battere" in Italian (to beat), relates to their ability to navigate: in case of rough seas they would go down the hollow of the waves, beating against it and making a lot of noise.

They were often painted with bright colours and at the bow "eyes" or "stars" could sometimes be seen.

On the image to the right, the Battana Vienna, exhibited in the Museo della Marineria of Cesenatico is the most recent docked boat in the "Leonardesque" canal, since its construction dates from 1963, a work from the shipyard of Adolfo Campi of Cattolica. It is a Battana from the Romagna region, 9.46m long and 2.80m wide. As heraldic symbols, the "vela a terzo" bears a black anchor and a blue stripe on an orange background.

In Cesenatico the Battana was the most used kind of boat by amateur fishermen, for the fishing of mackerel using fish traps.

With the development of tourism during the summer months, from the 1950s the Battanas, as any other sail boats, started to replace their traditional fishing outings with offers to take tourists on boat trips to the sea.

A.Cocchi.

Trad.: A. Sturmer


Notes

1) A type of fore-and-aft rigged sail. These sails are set along the line of the keel rather than perpendicular to it.


Bibliography

F. Santucci, Cesenatico, da porto di Cesena a Comune Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 1995
D. Gnola, Storia di Cesenatico Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 2001
D. Gnola, Cesenatico nella storia Edizioni Il ponte vecchio Cesena, 2008
M. Marini Calvani (a cura di), Schede di Archeologia dell'Emilia-Romagna, Bologna 1995
B. Farfaneti, Cesenatico romana. Archeologia e territorio, Ravenna 2000
P. G. Pasini. Andar per Musei. Guida all'usa die musei della Romagna meridionale. (a cura di Italia Nostra) Romagna arte e storia Quaderni
AA. VV. Guida ai musei della Provincia di Forlž-Cesena. Edizioni Prima Pagina, Cesena, 1999
M. Todeschini (a cura di) Atlante Romagnolo. Dizionario alfabetico dei 76 comuni. Poligrafici editoriale S.P.A. Bologna 1992
B. Ballerin (a cura di) Barche di ieri e di oggi in: AA.VV. Adriatico. Le stagioni del nostro mare. A cura dell'Amministrazione Provinciale di Forlž-Cesena. Stampa MDM, Forlž 1992

 

Tags:A. Cocchi, A. Sturmer, battana, fishing, tourism.

Per saperne di più sulla città di: Cesenatico

 



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Ugo Bertotti. Battana. 1992. Jpeg Illustration from the original in watercolour and coloured pencils.

swimme

 

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