Archaeology in Cesenatico


The Origin - Ad Novas


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Archaeology in Cesenatico

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For the curious tourists, who take a holiday on the Romagna coast, Cesenatico offers not only beaches, friendly hotels and excellent food, but a lot of good pastimes, and that includes also cultural interests.
It has been recently uncovered that Cesenatico and its precincts are an interesting archaeological site.
The oldest traces belong to prehistory, roughly between 3,000 and 1,000 B.C. The Neolithic area above the coastal territory where Cesenatico is today, was a massive lagoonal and swampy area full of rivers often overflown and invaded by sea water. The first humans were groups of shepherds who, during winter months, ventured to the coast, following the river course. This nomad groups were followed by more stable settlements, located in Bagnarola of Cesenatico, in the land of the Almericis, as some surveys have established.
But the better documented period of the archaeological research is the Roman age, when the entire territory of Romagna region was subject to important works of reclaimed land and road network organisation. The majority of the findings from the excavations are kept in the Antiquarian of Cesenatico, currently based at 18 via Armellini.

The study of the historical sources and the research that started in the 70's, followed by different excavation experiences, has allowed to go back to the origins of the inhabited coast, identified as Ad Novas, and to reconstruct its history, rich of events, situations and characters.

The archaeological interest in Cesenatico was born in 1969, when during the Conference of Studies of Romagna, Antonio Veggiani, famous scientist fom the University of Bologna and from the CNR (National Research Council), exposed the results of his studies about the ancient history of the place and expressed the possibility of going back to the origins of Cesenatico by means of archaeological research. The project was supported by the Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologici (1) which led to a systematic research, to which many local volunteers took part under the guidance of Bruno Ballerin, honorary inspector of the monuments.
The idea launched by Professor Veggiani had an important cultural effect, because the results of the excavation and the successive research meant a real success, in the level of historical knowledge and of findings. The first set of objects found gave life to the first version of the Antiquarian of Cesenatico, which was founded in 1981 in a provisional site at the Public Library.

Another excavation that caught the attention were the remains of the medieval Rocca (fortress) dated 1302. Recent restoration works of the foundations and partial walls have made possible to visit to the rest of the old fortress, found in the Parco della Rocca, on the Statale 16 Adriatica, at the city's main access.

Other excavations, among them the ones from 2004 and 2008 have followed the initial one.
The 2004 excavations were carried out in Ca' Turci under the Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologici and under the supervision of Maria Grazia Maioli. The works of the archaeologists have brought to light an extensive complex of Roman furnaces, a compound of kilns which were active from the 2nd to the 1st Century B.C. It was an area already spotted in 1970 with a sample of excavation, followed by some objects found by chance in the land of the Fornaris, while ploughing the ground. The discovery was valuable for the number and quality of objects found, mainly pottery objects made in the kilns.


The excavations that took place in 2008 around the Ca' Bufalini area were an Anglo-Italian collaboration between the "School of Archaeology & Ancient History" of the University of Leicester, the Town Council of Cesenatico and the Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologici dell’Emilia-Romagna. Also this time the results were positive. The layout of a road dating back to the 4th Century B.C. was found, the date inferred by some bronze coins from the 4th and 5th Century B.C. also found during the excavation works. In Cannucceto, the remains of a Roman villa was found, with pieces of roof tiles, bricks, ceramic and objects of everyday use. Near this Roman house also a tomb has been found.
An archaeological park has been proposed for some time now, with particular focus on the excavations, but for the moment the project has not been accomplished.


A. Cocchi.

Trad.: A. Sturmer


1) government department responsible for the archaeological buildings


Bibliography

F. Santucci, Cesenatico, da porto di Cesena a Comune Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 1995
D. Gnola, Storia di Cesenatico Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 2001
D. Gnola, Cesenatico nella storia Edizioni Il ponte vecchio Cesena, 2008
M. MARINI CALVANI (a cura di), Schede di Archeologia dell'Emilia-Romagna, Bologna 1995
B. FARFANETI, Cesenatico romana. Archeologia e territorio, Ravenna 2000
P. G. Pasini Andar per Musei. Guida all'usa die musei della Romagna meridionale. (a cura di Italia Nostra) Romagna arte e storia Quaderni
AA. VV. Guida ai musei della Provincia di Forlì-Cesena. Edizioni Prima Pagina, Cesena, 1999
M. Todeschini (a cura di) Atlante Romagnolo. Dizionario alfabetico dei 76 comuni. Poligrafici editoriale S.P.A. Bologna 1992
 B. Farfaneti, M.G. Maioli, C. Conti. Le fornaci romane di Cesenatico. in: www.archeobo.arti.beniculturali.it

 

Tags:A. Cocchi, A. Sturmer, Archaeology, .

Per saperne di più sulla città di: Cesenatico

 



Per informazioni su questi dipinti clicca qui.

 


Icarus. Fragment of the Roman fictile statue. 2nd Century A.D.. Antiquarian of Cesenatico


Finding of the Roman rustic villa dated 4th Century B.C..


Roman kiln from the 1st-2nd Century B.C. found in Ca' Turci


Bronze coins of Gordiano II, 238 B.C.


Finding of a tomb in Ca' Bufalini in 2008


Parco della Rocca with the remains of the fortress from the 14th Century



 

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