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Visiting the Antiquarian of Cesenatico

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The first room, the smaller of the Antiquarium of Cesenatico, is dedicated to the Roman findings and to objects found by schoolchildren during an excavation experience together with an archaeological team. Here we can see amphorae in terracotta and some house tools.
The second room, the biggest, houses the most important objects and includes the Roman age objects that belonged to the original unit of the museum. Many findings come from excavations that took place in the neighbouring areas that were subject to the Roman land division, initiated after the foundation of Ariminum in 268 B.C., today Rimini. A reproduction of the Tavola Peutingeriana (Peutinger table) is among the geographical maps in exhibition, showing the old road network with the Via Popilia and Ad Novas.

The excavations that took place around the agricultural area of Cesenatico in 2008 (an international archaeological delegation with the collaboration of the "School of Archaeology & Ancient History" from the University of Leicester, the Town Council of Cesenatico and the Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologici dell’Emilia-Romagna) brought to light many rustic houses, old estates used for farming, breeding and producing wine. Among the tools found, there was a fragmented memorial stone and a big grain millstone in lava stone, which suggests the presence of a windmill.

In the Zavalloni land, large areas of paving mosaic have been uncovered, as well as bricks, tile floors and marble decorations that belonged to an old building complex, plus a statue of Dionysius from the 2nd Century A.D. and several objects and tools of everyday life as amphorae, crockery, coins, tesserae and bricks. In another area a necropolis has been found, with cappuccina and amphora tombs. Among the tomb's accoutrements, statues for funeral rites were also found.

In another area called Ca' Turchi, traces of old Roman kilns were found, consisted of several units that were active for centuries and produced bricks and building materials, vases, plates, oil lamps, decoration and statues, as can be assumed by the refined fragments from the 2nd Century A.D. probably depicting Daedalus and Icarus. The artistic quality and the delicate work of these last pieces indicate the high artistic level of the local ceramists, careful connoisseurs of the contemporary style from Central Italy.

The third room is dedicated to the findings coming from disappearing fortresses. The Medieval Rocca (Medieval Fortress) was built for the defence of the harbour in 1302, near the mouth of the river Pisciatello. It had an important strategic role and it was destroyed several times by war events and later rebuilt. It was then completely destroyed by retreating German soldiers in 1944. The Rocca is also known from the reliefs made by Leonardo da Vinci, during his brief stay in Cesenatico in 1502. In a recent archaeological intervention, the foundation of the fortress was uncovered as well as part of an Istrian stone.

From the Torre Pretoria (Pretoria Tower), built in 1569 on the east pier to defend from the pirates, some fragments remain, while the foundation is now found under the paving of the Piazza Ciceruacchio.

Another building of military character and now gone is the Fortino Napoleonico (Napoleonic Fort) built by the French troupes in 1811. It had a very short life since it was completely taken apart in 1866 by the citizens of Cesenatico and used as a quarry for building material.
In 1981, during the cleaning works of the canal, a little "treasure" was found: several silver coins from the 16th and 17th Centuries, now in a window display of this room.

A. Cocchi

Trad. A. Sturmer


B. Ballerin, Rocca, torre e fortino del Cesenatico. in: Romagna arte e storia n. 49, 1997, Editrice Romagna arte e storia, Rimini 1997
F. Santucci, Cesenatico, da porto di Cesena a Comune Edizioni Il ponte vecchio, Cesena, 1995
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M. Marini Calvani (a cura di), Schede di Archeologia dell'Emilia-Romagna, Bologna 1995
B. Farfaneti, Cesenatico romana. Archeologia e territorio, Ravenna 2000
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AA. VV.Quaderno da viaggio. Provincia di forĺ-Cesena. Luoghi e incontri, arte e cultura dal mare all'appennino.
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Tags:A. Cocchi, A, Sturmer, museum, tourism, visit, archaeology, .

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Icarus. Fragment of Roman statue from the 2nd Century A.D. Terracotta. Antiquarian of Cesenatico.

The tavola Peutingetiana (Peutinger table) where Ad Novas is shown


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